Gerund lub bezokolicznik po konstrukcji czasownikowej

A. Jako dopełnienie

Gerund może być używany jako dopełnienie bezpośrednio po czasowniku. Niektóre z czasowników oraz konstrukcji czasownikowych mogą mieć różne znaczenie w zależności od tego czy występuje po nich Gerund czy Bezokolicznik.

Czasownik Znaczenie Zdania
attempt próbować
chcieć coś zrobić
I attempted to speak, but was told to keep quiet.
The patient attempted walking, but soon fell down.
begin rozpoczynać
mieć początek
He began to tell us the plot in great detail.
She rolled up her sleeves and began unpacking the basket.
can't bear nie móc znieść He can't bear to be laughed at.
He can't bear being laughed at.
can't stand nie móc znieść I can't stand to wait.
I can't stand waiting.
cease przestać You never cease to amaze me.
The teacher told him to cease his whistling.
commence rozpoczynać After the election, the new government commenced to develop the roads.
They have commenced studying law.
continue kontynuować After graduating I continued to devote myself to research.
He continued playing the piano long after everyone had left.
deserve zasługiwać He deserves to be treated well after all he has done.
He deserves being treated well after all he has done.
dislike nie lubić I dislike to go there.
I dislike going there.
dread bać się
lękać się
I dread to think what will happen if we're late.
He dreads meeting people.
endure znosić
She can't endure to see animals cruelly treated.
She can't endure seeing animals cruelly treated.
forget zapomnieć He forgot to tell her about it.
He forgot having told her about it.
go on przejść do
He went on (- proceeded next) to explain why that point was important.
It went on (= continued) raining all day.
hate nienawidzieć Some people hate to get up early in the morning.
I hate having to get up early.
intend zamierzeć What do you intend to do today?
What do you intend doing about that?
like lubić I like to read in bed, but I don't like having meals in bed.
loathe nienawidzić I loathe to wash dishes.
He loathes travelling by air.
love kochać She loves to have a lot of young people around her.
She loves having a lot of young people around her.
mean oznaczać I didn't mean to be rude to you.
These new orders will mean working overtime.
need musieć
You need to learn the value of money.
This chapter needs rewriting.
neglect nie dbać o
Don't neglect to lock the door when you leave.
Don't neglect locking the door when you leave.
omit pomijać Please don't omit to say who wrote it.
Please don't omit saying who wrote it.
prefer preferować I prefer to work in the morning.
I prefer working in the morning.
regret żałować I regret to inform you that we cannot publish it.
I regret having said that.
remember pamiętać I promise you I'll remember to post your letter.
Certainly I posted your letter — I remember doing it.
require wymagać The matter requires to be thought over.
The seedlings will require looking after.
start zaczynać It started to rain.
It started raining.
try próbować He tried to stand on his head, but he couldn't.
Try putting in some more vinegar; see if that helps.
want chcieć I want to go to Toronto this weekend.
Your hair wants cutting.

B. Czasowniki + -ing / to-infinitive

Po czasownikach wymienionych poniżej można użyć formy Gerund ( z końcówką -ing ) oraz formy bezokolicznika, kiedy drugi czasownik jest użyty jako dopełnienie po rzeczowniku lub zaimku.

Czasownik Znaczenie Zdania
acknowledge przyznać,
He acknowledged having done it.
They acknowledged him to be the best player in the Asian Games.
admit przyznawać He admitted stealing the necklace.
You must admit the task to be difficult.
advise radzić I don't advise going by car — there's no place to park.
I advise you to take the train.
consider rozważać I'm considering going abroad.
We consider it to be of strategic importance.
imagine wyobrażać sobie I can't imagine marrying a girl like that.
I imagine her to be both pretty and gentle.